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VOA 영자신문
▶US Needs to Do More to Prepare for Dangerous Weather, Experts Say (2021-04-09)
Many places across the United States have faced extremely cold and dangerous winter weather in recent days. This includes states like Texas and Oklahoma, where such severe winter storms are uncommon.
The lack of planning and preparation by leaders in those areas left locals without heat, water, gasoline and other critical services for many days. At least 20 people have died this week.
Experts warn that deadly weather will be hitting the U.S. more often, and that the country needs to get better at dealing with it.
This week’s storms fit a pattern of worsening extremes under climate change. They also demonstrate that local, state and federal officials have failed to do enough to prepare communities for extreme and dangerous weather.
“This is a different kind of storm,” said Kendra Clements. She is one of several businesspeople in Oklahoma City who opened their buildings to shelter homeless people. Some of them came in with frostbite, hypothermia and ice in their hair.
The storms served as a predictor of what social service providers and governments say will be increasing needs among the nation’s poorest people as climate and natural disasters worsen.
Other Americans are at risk as well. Power supplies of all kinds failed in the extreme cold, including natural gas-fired power plants that went offline in icy conditions. Some wind turbines froze and stopped working.
The crisis has raised concern for power systems throughout the country. As climate change worsens, such severe conditions will become more common.
Sara Eftekharnejad is a professor of electrical engineering and computer science at Syracuse University in New York. She called the week’s storms “an anomaly,” or unusual and unexpected. But such anomalies, she said, are likely to happen more often as a result of climate change.
“There probably needs to be better planning, because we’re starting to see more extreme weather events across the country,” she said. That could be in the form of severe cold like in Texas or intense heat waves like the one California experienced last year that fueled deadly wildfires.
In Texas, wind power is a growing source of electricity. But most wind turbines operating there are not designed for very cold weather. Making small changes to wind turbines is one step needed to deal with climate change, said Roy McCann. He teaches electrical engineering at the University of Arkansas.
Some Republican politicians, including Texas Governor Greg Abbott, have tried to blame wind and solar power for the massive outages this week. However, traditional power plants, which depend mostly on natural gas, provide the majority of power in Texas. They were the larger problem.
[February 19, 2021]
뉘앙스 사전
미국 사람들은 복잡한 걸 싫어해서 앞에서 무엇인가(사물)에 관해 이야기했을 경우, 뒤에서는 그 말을 똑같이 반복하는 게 아니라 ‘it’이라는 대명사를 사용하여 말을 간소화해요. ‘I want to buy a BMW, but it’s too expensive. (BMW 한 대 사고 싶은데, 너무 비싸.)’가 바로 그러한 경우인데요. 여기서 ‘콤마’ 앞에서는 ‘BMW’ 이름을 언급하지만, ‘콤마’ 바로 뒤에는 ‘it’을 사용한 거 보이시죠? ‘it’은 바로 이렇게 사용한답니다. 'This book is interesting. This book is sad, too. (이 책은 흥미로워. 이 책은 슬프기도 해.)'에서 'this book'을 두 번이나 반복해줘야 하니까 말하기도 번거롭고 좀 거시기하잖아요. ㅎㅎ 그러므로 두 번째 나오는 'this'는 'it'으로 바꿔줘야 하는 거예요. 'It is sad, too.'라고 말이죠. 만약 'Jane is smart. Jane is pretty, too. (제인은 똑똑해. 제인은 예쁘기도 해.)'와 같이 ‘콤마’ 앞에 나오는 게 ‘사물’이 아니라 ‘사람’이라면, 'it' 대신 ‘he’나 ‘she’와 같은 대명사를 써주면 되겠죠? 여기서는 '제인'이 여자이기 때문에 'She is pretty, too.'라고 하면 O.K~. Case1 A: What did you think about the movie? B: It was terrible. A: I thought it was terrible, too. But Tom said it was fun. B: I guess he lied to us. A: 영화 어땠던 거 같아? B: 형편없었어. A: 나도 그렇게 생각해. 근데 톰은 재미있었다고 하던데. B: 우리한테 거짓말한 것 같아.