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VOA 영자신문
▶Why Do Few Americans Know about Nutrition Guide? (2023-01-27)
Only one in four Americans know about the most recent government effort to get people to eat a healthy diet.
That information comes from a study released Tuesday by the National Center for Health Statistics.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) introduced the logo, an image representing healthy eating, in 2011. It is called MyPlate. The image replaced the food pyramid logo the USDA used from 1992 to 2011. Nutrition experts criticized the food pyramid for placing too much importance on carbohydrates from grains and not enough importance on fats.
MyPlate uses a dinner plate with four colored sections for fruit, vegetables, grain and protein, with a smaller circle for dairy products, such as low-fat milk or yogurt. It encourages Americans to make half of their meals fruits and vegetables.
The study also found that about 10 percent of Americans had tried to follow the guidance of MyPlate. That means the program that costs about $3 million a year has not reached a big majority of Americans. Diet-related diseases such as obesity, diabetes and heart disease have continued to rise since MyPlate was introduced.
“This is currently the primary education tool that communicates guidelines for Americans,” said the study’s lead writer, Edwina Wambogo. She is a nutrition expert at the health information agency. “MyPlate should be doing a little bit better.”
Marion Nestle, a food policy expert, said the MyPlate program does not include an education program and does not deal with many foods Americans eat.
A USDA official said the agency’s proposed 2023 budget aims to increase spending on the program from $3 million to $10 million a year. The idea is to help the MyPlate program reach more people.
The recent study said people who called their diet excellent, very good or good were more likely to have heard of MyPlate than those who said their diet was fair or poor.
Dr. Vijaya Surampudi is a nutrition specialist at the University of California, Los Angeles. She said MyPlate leaves out important details about fats and the differences between vegetables. And Nestle noted that MyPlate fails to show that vegetables, grains, and dairy foods also contain protein.
The new study advises more research into why some groups are less likely to know about and follow government guidance. It also said additional research was needed to find out how best to reach people with poor diets.
But the answer is not so simple, Surampudi suggested. People know now that they should eat more fruit and vegetables. Beyond that, the message gets less clear.
“The minute it gets a little confusing, people shut down,” she said.
[December 03, 2022]
뉘앙스 사전
미드나 영화에서 동사나 의문사를 모두 빼고 말하는 걸 보고는 ‘저런 반쪽 영어는 절대로 배우면 안 돼.’라고 생각한 적 혹시 있지 않나요? 그런데 이게 바로 회화용 영어의 실체예요. 이런 것도 알아들을 수 있어야 구어체 영어를 제대로 구사할 수 있게 되는 거죠. 미국에 처음 가서 일부러 의문사 없이 문장을 만들어 대화하려고 하긴 했지만, 왠지 싼 티 나는 것 같아 거부감이 좀 들더군요. 하지만 ‘말’은 다른 사람들이 하는 것처럼 해야 맞는 거라고 생각을 바꾸고 나서는 이런 거부감이 싹 사라졌어요. 의문사 없이 가장 많이 사용하는 표현으로는 ‘You ok?’나 ‘You all right?’ 등이 있어요. 둘 다 ‘You’ 앞에 의문사 ‘Are’가 빠져 있는 형태인데, 그렇다고 무조건 의문사를 생략해도 되는 건 아니에요. 보통은 앞에 어떤 의문사가 오건 간에 ‘you’가 들어가는 문장에서 생략할 수 있어요. 단, ‘you’가 들어가더라도 ‘How/What/Where/Who/Which’ 의문사로 시작되는 문장에서는 생략하지 않고요. Are you hungry? → You hungry? Are you tired? → You tired? Do you like this? → You like this? Do you want to go? → You want to go? Have you been here before? → You been here before? Have you tried this before? → You tried this before? Case1 A: You okay? B: Not at all. I don’t feel good today. A: Did you catch a cold or something? B: I guess I did. A: 너 괜찮아? B: 아니. 오늘 몸이 별로 안 좋은 것 같아. A: 너 감기라도 걸린 거 아냐? B: 그런 것 같아.